It’s no secret Americans have been getting fatter — and the future’s not so bright when children are getting fatter, at younger ages. I’m looking into why, and what should be done.
A lot of solutions have been proposed. Some are promoted by trusted sources. But they may miss the mark, even if they’re good ideas for overall health.
- Couch potatoes and too much TV? This may seem like common sense, but there’s pretty decent data that “sedentary behavior” has not changed over the past 30 years. So, promoting exercise and walkable communities — while good for overall health — may do very little to slow the rise of obesity rates.
- Poverty? There’s a lot of data showing that the more poor you are, the more likely you are to be overweight. But why? Adam Drewnowski at the University of Washington says it’s because of simple food economics. It’s cheaper to buy a filling meal that’s unhealthy than it is to buy a healthy one. Think dollar meals and junk food. Sodas. They’re full of calories, but low in nutritional value. That’s his argument. But, is that what’s really happening?
- Too much food? Many nutritionists argue it’s all about calories and consumption. We’re eating on average more calories per day than we did 50 years ago. Their story says, in the 1980′s some agricultural policies changed and food got really cheap. Now, the temptation to eat is everywhere, all the time. And, since the ingredients are cheap, portions got bigger.
- Processed vs. whole foods? This is related to the ideas above. And this has become a trendy way to frame the problem. If we could only get more people, and especially poor people, to have “healthier food choices,” they would choose the delicious fruits and vegetables and whole grains. Then, they’d lose weight. I haven’t seen any good scientific evidence that demonstrates this, but it’s seen a logical conclusion to draw from other research about nutrition.
I’m still exploring these questions. If you know of scientific studies that support/undermine any of these arguments, please share them. If there’s a better theory missing from this list, share that, too.